What is the projected effect of lowering incident nonmedical prescription opioid use on the future trajectory of the opioid overdose crisis in the United States? Read the abstract .
This section will include pain research in the news, general stories about research and findings, pain abstracts in the news, and PubMed abstracts
Sleep loss increases the experience of pain. However, the brain mechanisms underlying altered pain processing following sleep deprivation are unknown. Moreover, it remains unclear whether ecologically modest night-to-night changes in sleep, within an individual, confer consequential day-to-day changes in experienced pain. Here, we demonstrate that ...
Accurate assessment of pain is central to diagnosis and treatment in healthcare, especially in pediatrics. However, few studies have examined potential biases in adult observer ratings of children's pain. Read the abstract .
A new study published in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine showed that when an ERAS protocol was employed—which optimizes patients' surgical care before, during, and after surgery, including patient education, post-operative medications, and recovery plans—fewer patients needed pain medications one month after surgery. Full story
A new study shows that an educational program on opiate use and misuse, the role of the orthopedic prescriber, multimodal analgesia, and state laws regarding opioid prescription could change prescriber behavior and result in a lower amount of prescribed opioids after lumbar surgery. Full story .
A new survey shows that parents remain conflicted about opioids: while more than half express concern their child may be at risk for opioid addiction, nearly two-thirds believe opioids are more effective at managing their child's pain after surgery or a broken bone than non-prescription medication or other alternatives. Full story .
AAPM Board Member, Steven P. Cohen, MD , along with researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and Walter Reed National released the results of a rigorous federally funded study mandated by Congress that showed no statistically significant difference between relief offered by these creams and placebos. Full story .
Part I: Managing Children's Pain After Surgery Part II: Taking the Pain Out of Children's Shots Part III: Helping Children Conquer Chronic Pain
Pregabalin has beneficial effects on some symptoms of neuropathic pain. However, its use significantly increases the risk of a number of adverse events and discontinuation due to adverse events. The quality of the evidence from journal publications is low. Read the abstract .
This study identifies the association between direct-to-physician marketing of opioid products by pharmaceutical companies and mortality from prescription opioid overdoses across US counties. Read the abstract .