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Direct Peripheral Nerve Stimulation for the Treatment of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome: A 30-Year Review

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), formerly known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD), is a difficult to treat condition characterized by debilitating pain and limitations in functional ability. Neuromodulation, in the form of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS), have been traditionally used as a treatment for CRPS with variable success. Read more

Intrathecal Drug Delivery Systems Overview with Dr. Susan Moeschler

AAPM Member and Scientific Poster Abstract Committee Co-Chair, Susan Moeschler, MD, was recently interviewed about intrathecal drug delivery systems on Pain Rounds with Dr. D. Watch the full interview to hear Dr. Moeschler field questions about patient selection, including when to use a spinal cord stimulator and when do you use an intrathecal pump.

Pain Rounds with Dr. D is a free video curriculum and research project on the fundamentals of neuromodulation produced by Johns Hopkins Department of Anesthesiology, the Division of Pain Medicine, and Dr. Shravani Durbhakula. Learn more and enroll to view additional episodes at

Remote Electrical Neuromodulation (REN) Relieves Acute Migraine: A Randomized, Double‐Blind, Placebo‐Controlled, Multicenter Trial

There is a significant unmet need for novel effective well‐tolerated acute migraine treatments. REN is a novel acute migraine treatment that stimulates upper arm peripheral nerves to induce conditioned pain modulation – an endogenous analgesic mechanism in which conditioning stimulation inhibits pain in remote body regions. 

Pain Medicine Journal
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American Academy of Pain Medicine