This section will include pain research in the news, general stories about research and findings, pain abstracts in the news, and PubMed abstracts

Enhanced Recovery After Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review.

Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) is a multidimensional approach to improving the care of surgical patients using subspecialty- and procedure-specific evidence-based protocols. The literature provides evidence of the benefits of ERAS implementation, which include expedited functional recovery, decreased postoperative morbidity, reduced costs, and improved subjective patient experience.

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Robot an Effective Pain Management Tool for Premature Babies

 

Researchers have designed a therapeutic robot that simulates human skin-to-skin contact, helping reduce pain for babies in the neonatal intensive care unit.

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Association of a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy Program With Transmucosal Fentanyl Prescribing.

Transmucosal immediate-release fentanyl (TIRF) drugs are potent, rapid-acting opioids approved to treat breakthrough pain in patients with cancer who are tolerant to other around-the-clock opioid analgesics. In March 201...
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NIH to Test Experimental Drug to Curb Opioid Cravings

A clinical trial of an experimental drug designed to treat cravings associated with OUD has begun in the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. The Phase I trial in healthy adults will assess the safety of the experimental compound, ANS-6637, and how it is processed in the body when given with another drug that is processed by the same liver enzyme pathway. 

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A Clinical Overview of Off-label Use of Gabapentinoid Drugs

The gabapentinoid drugs gabapentin and pregabalin were originally developed as antiseizure drugs but now are prescribed mainly for treatment of pain. For gabapentin, the only pain-related indication approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is postherpetic neuralgia. For pregabalin, FDA-approved indications related to pain are limited to postherpetic neuralgia, neuropathic pain associated with diabetic neuropathy or spinal cord injury, and fibromyalgia.

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Medications to Treat Opioid Addiction Are Effective and Save Lives, But Barriers Prevent Broad Access and Use, Says New Report

A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, Medications for Opioid Use Disorder Save Lives , says that withholding or failing to have available medications for the treatment of OUD in ...
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Initial Opioid Prescriptions among U.S. Commercially Insured Patients, 2012–2017

 Background: The United States is undergoing a crippling opioid epidemic, spurred in part by overuse of prescription opioids by adults 25 to 64 years of age. Of concern are long-duration and high-dose initial prescriptions, which place the patients and their friends and relatives at heightened risk for long-term opioid use, misuse, overdose, and death.
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Pain-Induced Negative Affect Is Mediated via Recruitment of the Nucleus Accumbens Kappa Opioid System.

 Negative affective states affect quality of life for patients suffering from pain. These maladaptive emotional states can lead to involuntary opioid overdose and many neuropsychiatric comorbidities. Uncovering the ...
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Trends and Patterns of Geographic Variation in Opioid Prescribing Practices by State, United States, 2006-2017

Importance : Risk of opioid use disorder, overdose, and death from prescription opioids increases as dosage, duration, and use of extended-release and long-acting formulations increase. States are well suited to respond ...
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New Target for Chronic Pain Relief Confirmed by Scientists

A research group at Hiroshima University observed a potential new target for chronic pain treatment. Further research using this receptor could lead to new, more effective drugs to use in pain-relieving treatment for chronic pain. 

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The AAPM Annual Meeting offers education and networking opportunities for all members of the pain care team.

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