Several professional organizations have recommended tramadol as one of the first-line or second-line therapies for patients with chronic noncancer pain and its prescription has been increasing rapidly worldwide; however, the safety profile of tramadol, such as risk of fracture, remains unclear.
T'ai chi (TC) has been found effective for improving chronic low back pain. However, such studies did not include adults over 65 years of age. This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of TC in this population compared with Health Education and with Usual Care.
What are the most effective, safe, and accepted pharmacologic treatments for migraine prophylaxis in children and adolescents?
The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum vitamin D concentration and lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) in postmenopausal women and the epidemiologic factors affecting low back pain (LBP).